On June 21st 2018 we went on a family outing for the summer solstice to Minera mountain, Here we watched the sunset on the longest day of the year, Minera mountain gives an amazing view across Wrexham county, You can see the Cathedral and Police station, On the mountain we had a picnic, There were lots of sheep, They were very cute and there were also lambs (also cute), They came very close, but not close enough to stroke them, They must be strong to withstand the extreme cold which is due to the height. The experience inspired me to have this a a topic.
The name Minera comes from the latin Minerva for mine or the welsh Mwynglawdd meaning ore mine, Minera has been a village since 1620. Originally Minera was a lead and zinc mine, which is no longer in operation. There are fossils near and at the top of Minera mountain that belong to sea creatures, proving that originally the mountain was underwater, serveral hundred million years ago.
better than all the rest
and to that I can attest
He falls with ease from any height
he is a Guardian of the night
but he really is quite polite
My cat is the absolute best
better than all the rest
and for that I must protest
Anatomy of a male cat
History and evolution
I made these pixel-art flags
South Korean Flag
North Korean Flag
Welsh or Gymraeg is one of the official languages of Wales (The other being English) Originating from 577 AD it is the oldest european language. Welsh is famed for being hard to learn and understand to people who don't speak the language as unlike most current languages, it has no roots in Latin, something which is true in most common languages nowadays, the most famous example of other languages that don't have any Latin roots are Japanese and Chinese. In recent years there has been a decline in the number of welsh speakers, because of this the Welsh Government has begun taking measures such as heavy welsh education in schools to make sure that the language doesn't die out. Interestingly, though Welsh is a minority language it is one of the EUs 23 languages and was one of the 55 languages included on the Voyager golden record
Wales has been inhabited by modern humans for as long as 29,000 years, it was first inhabited then as water levels were much lower, meaning that what is now ocean and rivers, then was just land, then the Neolithic revolution occured in 4000 BC and the inhabitants of Wales went from being Hunters and nomads to being farmers, they developed more advanced technology such as cermaic and textiles, by the time of the roman invasion of britain, modern wales was inhabited by several tribes. after the Roman occupation of britain in 78 AD, due to the resistance of welsh tribes, only one city was founded in Wales by the Romans called Caerwent. In 500 AD What is now Wales was several indpendant celtic states. In 1277 Wales was genrally considered to be a full-blown country, and by 1850 Wales was becoming a hub of economic and industrial activity, in the 1860s South Wales alone accounted for 40% of all of "pig iron" produced in britain. The Government of wales act was formed in 1988 and has the power to decide the governement budget.
The welsh flag in its current design was adopted in 1959, it has a ratio of 3:5 and is a red dragon in front of 2 horizontal white and green bars, interestingly the dragons design is unstandardised as are most heraldic charges. Though the current iteration of the flag has been in use sine 1959, the red dragon has been used The flag represent the red dragon encased in ice by the white dragon, the white being sky and the green being grass.
Wales currently accounts for 4% of the UKs economic output while occupying 8.55% of UK land and having 5% of the UKs population. 72% of welsh people are employed with a massive 23% of welsh people being in poverty. the average weekly earning in wales is £455, compared to £513 in England, £498 in scotland, and £460 in Northern Ireland. An average house in wales costs approximately £126,000, with the average household wealth being £214,200.
Snowdonia is a very large mountainous area in North Wales, it contains the highest peaks in Wales and also in the UK, outside of scotland. The english name for the region is derived from Snowdon, the name of the highest mountain in Wales, Snowdon has a height of 1085 miles or 3560ft, the welsh name for snowdonia is Eryri, it is believed to be derived from the latin word oriri meaning, to rise. More than 26,000 people live in Snowdonia national park, approximately 58.6% of the population in the park speak welsh compared to 19% in Wales as a whole.
Mynydd Mawr in Snowdonia
Great green grass
fine free fjords
spry showered sheep
and beautiful bright skys
Windy wet Wales is a beautiful place
Skys rich with cloud and sun
Ground rich with mineral and vegetable
and a proud and proper people
and these are the things that make Wales Wales
World War 1
When i started this topic i set out to learn about what sparked the war, how it led to the entire world being involved, what the 2 sides were, what trench warfare was and what no-mans land was, and with a bit of research i found out what they were.
It all started on the 28th of June 1914 when Gavrilo Princip assasianated the Austro Hungarian heir, Archduke Franz Ferdinand in sarajevo leading to the events of July that year, on July 23rd Austria-Hungary delivered an ultimatum , when the serbians response failed to satisfty the Austrians, the 2 officialy entered a war state with eatchother. A long network of allies between lots of countries spread the war worldwide.
Trench warfare and no-mans land
Trench Warfare was a method of combat that used extremely long pits about the height of an average person in which troops were positioned to fire at the enemy, almost always nearly entirely blindly, this led to slow combat, with trenches being dug forwards inch by inch, slowly advancing towrds the enemy, no-mans land was a direct result of trench warfare, it was a long area inbetween trenches which was riddled with gunfire and explosions, it was so named no-mans land because no man could cross it due the intense constant gunfire between the 2 sides, crossing it would surely result in death.
On June 28th 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, visited the Bosnian capital, Sarajevo. A group of six assassins (Cvjetko Popovic, Gavrilo Princip, Muhamed Mehmedbasic, Nedeljko Cabrinovic, Trifko Grabez, and Vaso Cubrilovic) from the group Mlada Bosna, with armaments from the Serbian Black Hand, gathered on the street where the Archduke's motorcade was going to go by, with the intention of assassinating him. The political objective of the assassination was to seperate Austria-Hungarys South Slavic provinces, which Austria-Hungary had isolated from the Ottoman Empire so they could be combined into a Yugoslavia.
Cabrinovic threw a grenade at the car but missed, Some nearby people were injured by the explosion, but the motorcade carried on. The other assassins didn't do anything as the cars drove past them.
About an hour later, when Franz Ferdinand was returning from a trip to the Sarajevo Hospital with the people hurt in the assassination attempt, the convoy went the wrong way into a street where, by complete coincidence, Gavrilo Princip, With a pistol, shot and killed Franz Ferdinand and his wife. The reaction of the people in Austria, however, was almost indifferent. The historian Zbynek Zeman later wrote, "the event almost failed to make any impression whatsoever. But the political effect of the murder was still significant, and was a terrorist event of huge historic importance.
Essay - WW1 Naval Warfare
This essay will be about Naval warfare in World War 1 and how it affected the progress of the war, it will cover the naval stratagies of various countries involved in the war, and it will also cover various other details of the war to do with naval warfare.
At the beginning of the war, the Germans had cruisers scattered across the globe, some of which were used to attack Allied merchant ships, Because of this, The British Royal Navy systematically hunted each German cruiser ship down, though they still could not fully protect Allied Merchants.
Before the war began, it was widely believed that Britain had the strongest and most influential navy in the world, A book named The influence of sea power upon history by Alfred Mahan was published in 1890 and was intended to convince the United States to increase their naval power. but the book instead was published in Germany and is believed to have inspired Germany to try to overpower the British Navy.
The German light cruiser the SMS Emden which was part of the East Asian Squadron and was stationed at the Qindao Port, seized and destroyed 15 Ally Merchant ships, as well as sinking a Russian cruiser ship, and sinking a French destroyer ship. But most of the German-East Asia Squadron (consisting of the armoured cruisers the SMS Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, the light cruisers, Nurnberg and Leipzig aswell as two transport ships) did not have orders to raid merchant ships and instead were to go underway to Germany when it encountered British warships. The German ship, the SMS Dresden sank two armoured British cruisers at The battle of Coronel, but was almost destroyed at the Falkland islands in 1914, with only the Dresden and a few smaller ships escaping, but these were also destroyed in The battle of Mas Tierra.
Soon after the Great Britian joined the war, they began to block all shipbound supplies into germany. It was an incredibly effective strategy, it cut off vital military war and civilian food supplies. Even though the blockade violated several international laws agreed upon by many countries over the last 2 hundred years. Britain placed mines all across various places inside international waters to prevent any ships from entering huge sections of ocean, causing extreme danger to even entirely neutral ships. Since there was very little objection the tactic by most countries, Germany anticipated a similar response to its relentless submarine warfare.
The Battle of Jutland in May and June of 1916 became the largest naval battle of the entire war. It was the only full-scale conflict of battleships during the war, and one of the largest in history. The Kaiserliche Marines High Seas Fleet was commanded by Vice Admiral Reinhard Scheer and fought the British Navys Fleet, which was led by Admiral John Jellicoe. The Germans were completely outmanuoevred by the much larger British fleet, but managed to escape and inflict much more damage to the British fleet than they received. But the British strategically maintained their control of the sea and their Naval strength, and the bulk of the German above water fleet remained in port for the entirety of the war.
In conclusion, the British Navy maintained a strong footing in terms of Naval warfare, they managed to almost completely restrict the german above water fleets. Even after Germany released wave after wave of submarine later in the war, Britian mantained a strong Naval presence.
Whizz, Bang, Fwoosh, Ting, Phwoar
The sounds of war shake a person to the core
A deepest terror lies within
An eternal dread knowing that,
that little trigger that you pulled,
could be the last thing that they know
a fleeting thought that if,
you never did what they said,
they might have lived another day
forever knowing it wasn't right
a human soul, lost forever
another body in the ground
another one, another gone